Schooled Reporting on education

Online school accused of defrauding taxpayers

Education | Experts warn parents and states of scams
by Laura Edghill
Posted 8/28/19, 04:12 pm

Oklahoma state investigators claim an online charter school pocketed millions in taxpayer funds by inflating its enrollment and tricking parents into participating in the alleged fraud.

Epic Charter Schools’ founders, David Chaney and Ben Harris, face accusations of enrolling “ghost students” who received little or no instruction because they already attended private schools or their parents homeschooled them. Investigators said Epic offered families who double-enrolled an $800 “learning fund” they could spend without any obligation to receive instruction through Epic.

Approved purchases—funneled through Epic’s chief financial officer—included furniture, musical instruments, horseback and karate lessons, toys, and computers. In another violation of Oklahoma state law, Epic also paid families’ membership dues to homeschool organizations.

Epic Charter Schools received nearly $113 million in taxpayer funds last year.

Launched in 2011, the online school now serves more than 21,000 students, rivaling the size of Oklahoma’s largest public school districts. Chaney and Harris own the for-profit company that manages Epic schools in exchange for a 10 percent cut of the revenue, which includes millions of dollars in state funding calculated on a per-pupil basis.

The Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation claims that on top of the ghost student scheme, Epic also paid hundreds of vendors for extracurricular activities, a practice prohibited by Oklahoma state law. Last week, the bureau obtained a search warrant targeting the home of a coach who provided athletic services to homeschool students through the online school.

Epic has placed plans to expand into Texas on hold pending the outcome of the investigation.

Parents say they didn’t know the extent of the alleged scam.

In a warrant issued in July, SBI agent Tommy Johnson said many Epic teachers admitted they knew about the enrollment padding and referred to the ghost student families as “members of the 800 club.” In his interviews with parents, Johnson said many of them acknowledged they enrolled their students for the sole purpose of accessing the $800 fund even though state law prohibits dual enrollment. Parents said Chaney characterized the arrangement as merely accessing a state-funded tutoring option, making it seem like a legitimate enhancement to their child’s homeschool or private-school education.

Chaney and Harris issued a statement denying the accusations. “We are confident the facts will once again vindicate our team,” they wrote, referring to an earlier investigation for fraud several years ago. According to the office of the state’s attorney general, authorities never officially closed that case.

Online charter school scams are popping up more often.

Similar cases have arisen in Ohio, Indiana, and California. Authorities in California indicted 11 people on multiple criminal charges of creating phantom institutions that defrauded taxpayers of more than $50 million.

Greg Richmond, CEO of the National Association of Charter School Organizers, said current state laws are not designed to deal with charter schools, especially online schools like Epic.

“When you put all that together, someone who is ill-intentioned can drive a truck through that, and we’ve seen that happen now in several states,” Richmond said. “And because they are virtual schools, they’re not misappropriating funds for 300 or 400 kids. It can be 3,000 or 4,000 kids, so the scale is at a whole other level compared to a brick-and-mortar school.”

Associated Press/Photo by Susan Walsh Associated Press/Photo by Susan Walsh President Donald Trump holds the order discharging student loan debt for disabled veterans at a signing ceremony in Louisville, Ky., on Aug. 21.

Loan forgiveness for disabled veterans

President Donald Trump ordered the U.S. Department of Education last week to expedite hundreds of millions of dollars in student loan forgiveness for more than 25,000 disabled veterans.

America owes its heroes “a supreme debt of gratitude,” the president said. He directed the department to “eliminate every penny of federal student loan debt” for veterans who meet the Total and Permanent Disability program criteria.

The loan forgiveness program itself is not new, but due to its burdensome process, more than half of its entitled recipients have not applied to receive their benefits. According to data the Education Department released last year in a Freedom of Information Act request made by Veterans Education Success, thousands of eligible veterans were defaulting on student loan payments as they struggled to keep up.

Bipartisan lawmakers and veterans advocacy groups urged the department to develop a solution that would increase awareness of the program and ease the application process.

“It is not fair to ask severely disabled veterans to have to complete paperwork, especially given that some catastrophic disabilities will interfere with their ability to complete the paperwork,” the veterans groups wrote in a letter last year to the Education Secretary Betsy DeVos.

Last week’s executive order directs the department to contact the affected veterans and offers an expedited process. The order also ensures borrowers will not owe any federal taxes on the discharged debt, and it urges states to adopt similar protocols for their state taxes, as well. —L.E.

Associated Press/Photo by Rogelio V. Solis (file) Associated Press/Photo by Rogelio V. Solis (file) School-prepared lunches at Madison Crossing Elementary School in Canton, Miss.

Extra helpings

You’ve probably heard of Taco Tuesdays and even Meatless Mondays, but the new school year could bring Trade Mitigation Thursdays to public school cafeterias.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture plans to give away $1.2 billion in food it is buying from farmers hurt by the trade war with China. It routinely purchases surplus goods to ease some of the natural swings of unpredictable crop cycles, but this year, the department’s “harvest” is especially bountiful because China refuses to import U.S. agricultural goods. Several other countries siding with the communist nation have also stopped buying food from the United States in protest of the ongoing trade war.

One Maryland school district is awaiting $70,000 worth of products, including an entire truckload of canned kidney beans. “We make our own chili soup, so we knew we had a use for that,” said Barbara Harral, a nutrition official for Montgomery County Public Schools.

Some schools turned down the food due to limited storage capacities and the complexities of advance meal planning and local contracts. Still, many schools with tight budgets expressed gratitude.

“The room lights up when everyone knows we’ve got new items that are coming,” said Scott Clements, director of child nutrition at the Mississippi Department of Education. The department ordered two truckloads of trade-mitigation pulled pork and four loads of kidney beans. —L.E.

Laura Edghill

Laura Edghill is a freelance writer, church communications director, and public school board member living in Clinton Township, Mich., with her engineer husband and three sons. She is a graduate of the WORLD Journalism Institute's mid-career course. Follow Laura on Twitter @LTEdghill.

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  • news2me
    Posted: Thu, 08/29/2019 12:31 pm

    Excellent!

    Now if we could get the schools to give all children free lunches in spite of what goes on at their homes that would be the best.

    It breaks my heart to hear what schools do to children who can't buy their lunches. Children should not be carrying lunch money in the first place because there are still bullies who will take their money, or because they might spend it on candy like I did in elem. school. ;-)  But I don't think children are able to skip lunch like we did in the olden days. 

  • news2me
    Posted: Thu, 08/29/2019 12:32 pm

    Loan forgiveness for disabled vets? YES, thank you!

  • news2me
    Posted: Thu, 08/29/2019 12:57 pm

    Buying food from FARMERS hurt by the trade war? YES! Thank you.

    They should NOT have to rely on CHINA. We ALL should not rely on China.

    MOST everything is MADE in CHINA. I search and buy MADE in USA, if available.

    What if China decided not to make any more electronics? I'd be happy.

    Would SOMEBODY, ANYBODY please start a manufacturing plant where they make maybe something as small as MP3 players? (I searched for MP3 players this week. Even the earbuds quit working prematurely, like a week?)

    CHINA makes JUNK. Our TRASH piles are growing with BAD electronic equipment. It doesn't matter what I look for, the REVIEWS of electronics are REALLY BAD. I even looked at APPLE products. BAD! No wonder China won't take our trash anymore. They already know about our failed electronics. 

    I also had a long search for a microwave this week. Our less than a year old Black and Decker microwave is beginning to make LOUD cracking noises while cooking anything. The sound is very scarey. I hope the next one lasts longer than a year. I searched long and hard when I found the Black and Decker that we will toss in the trash for safety reasons. UGH!!!

    And don't get me started about CDs and DVDs MADE in MEXICO. 

  • JennyBeth
    Posted: Thu, 08/29/2019 04:57 pm

    That's not just a problem with other countries; it's been rather inherent to manufacturing since soon after the industrial revolution took off. It's more profitable to make cheap stuff that people have to replace every couple of years than to make products that last. I've been pondering if laws requiring products of American companies (no matter where they were manufactured) to be repairable, and protecting the right to 3D print replacement parts (because companies are trying to copyright every little component of their products) would help. It could theoretically get bipartisan support, as it protects the individual freedom to do what you want with your own property as conservatives are supposed to support, and it is much more eco-friendly than throwing everything away, which liberals are supposed to support. But would such a law actually pass? Probably not, because the big companies would buy the politicians out of the idea.

    And as for helping the farmers, I'm just glad they're having them still grow food and using it to feed people. Much better than policies sometimes practiced to pay farmers NOT to grow anything, or to grow things that aren't in demand.

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