Marriage helps people survive heart attacks, according to a new U.K. study. Researchers at Aston Medical School in Birmingham studied nearly 1 million adult patients hospitalized in England between 2000 and 2013. Of those who had heart attacks, married patients were 14 percent more likely to survive than unmarried patients.
Marriage is also protective: Among patients with high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure (the three biggest risk factors for heart disease), married patients were 16, 14, and 10 percent, respectively, more likely to be alive at the end of the study than single patients. —K.C.
California considers third gender
The California legislature is considering a law that would allow residents to choose one of three gender options on all official documents and IDs. Under the bill, called the Gender Recognition Act, residents who want to change their official gender would no longer have to prove they are undergoing treatment or medical procedures for a gender transition. Instead, they would simply have to submit an application and affidavit attesting that the changes were not being made for fraudulent reasons.
Oregon and Washington, D.C., passed similar laws this summer, but California’s measure would be the farthest-reaching, affecting all official documents.
The bill passed in the state Senate in May and is awaiting a vote in the state Assembly. —K.C.
Israeli court rules on marriage
The High Court of Justice in Israel last week rejected a petition to legally recognize same-sex marriage. The court said religious courts, not civil courts, had jurisdiction over marriage laws, and legislators, not judges, should decide whether Israel should recognize marriages not performed under religious auspices. —K.C.