Beginnings Reporting on science and intelligent design

DNA analysis shocks evolutionists

Science | New study discovers first-known offspring of Neanderthals and Denisovans, evidence of one humankind
by Julie Borg
Posted 9/06/18, 01:17 pm

A landmark study published last month pushes back on evolutionists’ assumptions about human ancestry.

DNA analysis of an ancient bone fragment, published last month in the journal Nature, concluded the fragment belonged to a 13-year-old girl with a Neanderthal mother and Denisovan father. Evolutionists generally consider Neanderthals and Denisovans to be two groups of ancient human relatives that share a common ancestor with modern humans, but who do not come from the same species, and who rarely, if ever, mated.

This fossil represents the first concrete proof that Neanderthals and Denisovans mated.

The researchers also found the mother’s DNA more closely matched the DNA of Neanderthals who lived in Western Europe than to those who lived near the Russian Denisova Cave, where archaeologists found the fossil, suggesting Neanderthals migrated between Western and Eastern Eurasia long before they became extinct. DNA analysis also revealed the girl’s Denisovan father had at least one Neanderthal ancestor in his family tree, further evidence that Denisovans and Neanderthals mated more than researchers previously believed.

And, apparently modern humans also mated with both Neanderthals and Denisovans: Today, Neanderthal DNA accounts for about 2 percent of the DNA from most Europeans and Asians, and 4 to 6 percent of the genomes of modern Melanesian groups in the Pacific Islands come from Denisovans.

The discovery that these two groups mated with each other astonished scientists who commonly believe that separate species cannot mate and produce offspring. “That sort of qualitatively transforms and changes our understanding of the world,” David Reich, a Harvard geneticist, told National Geographic.

But the analysis came as no surprise to creationists who have always considered Neanderthals and Denisovans part of the same species as modern humans. In a chapter of the 2016 book Searching for Adam: Genesis and the Truth About Man’s Origin, young earth creationist and anthropologist Marvin Lubenow concluded DNA, fossil, and anthropology records all support the “full humanity of the Neanderthals, our worthy ancestors.”

Ann Gauger, an intelligent design expert with Discovery Institute, agreed: “Evolutionary biologists like to split the human lineage into as many parts as they can. Hence they call these different species, when it is more fitting to call them different sub-groups.”

Based on the Genesis testimony, we know God created one human species, one humankind. Scientific discoveries like this one continue to affirm that truth. “From a Biblical perspective, [Neanderthals] were a post-Flood, Ice Age people, specializing in hunting the large, grazing animals that were abundant toward the end of the Ice Age and afterward," wrote Lubenow.

The fossil evidence does not point to an evolution of one human species into another human species, but instead a variety of characteristics among various human populations.

NASA NASA An artist’s concept of the New Horizons spacecraft as it approached Pluto in July 2015

The hydrogen boundary of our solar system

The New Horizons space probe, which sailed past Pluto in 2015, likely detected a glowing wall of hydrogen at the edge of our solar system, according to a report last month.

Our sun’s solar wind propels streams of matter and energy far beyond the orbit of Pluto, but this wind loses strength as it races farther toward the edge of our solar system. Eventually, it can no longer push back the bits of dust and hydrogen coming at us from interstellar winds among the stars.

Scientists believe a wall of hydrogen builds up between the force of the solar wind and the force of interstellar winds. Now, New Horizons has detected extra ultraviolet light that could well be that wall, researchers reported in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

The findings from New Horizons confirmed similar data gathered nearly 30 years ago by the Voyager spacecrafts. The observations by the probes hint that the ultraviolet light comes from something more than just hydrogen atoms in our solar system scattering the sun’s light. It also seems to come from a more distant source like interstellar wind, the researchers said. —J.B.

UVA Health System UVA Health System J. Julius Zhu

Meds without side effects

It is an unfortunate fact of medicine that most drugs valuable in treating various diseases and conditions also carry side effects, some merely annoying and others possibly fatal. But researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have developed a potential way to design medications that are free of side effects.

Most drugs are designed to block the action of a particular molecule within a cell, but a molecule may perform different functions depending upon its location in the cell. When a medication blocks a molecule it not only blocks the molecule in the location causing the medical issue, but also in locations where it may be serving a highly beneficial role. “The problem with side effects is caused because you just could not distinguish the molecules doing different things in the same cell,” J.Julius Zhu, one of the researchers, said in a statement.

Completely shutting down a molecule to treat a medical problem is like turning off an appliance by shutting down all of the electricity to the home. The new technique allows researchers to manipulate molecules to see what functions they serve in various locations, allowing scientists to know which specific locations to target. —J.B.

Non-addictive pain medication

Prescription pain medications play a huge role in America’s opioid addiction epidemic. But doctors find themselves caught between two competing problems: People in severe pain need relief, but morphine and oxycodone, the most effective painkillers, are highly addictive.

Now, an animal study, published late last month in Science Translational Medicine, found a compound known as AT-121 provided non-addictive pain relief in monkeys at a strength 100 times that of morphine. Other monkeys that could self-administer a variety of drugs such as cocaine and oxycodone did not give themselves AT-121 any more often than they gave themselves saline, indicating that AT-121 does not excite the pleasure center of the brain like addictive drugs do.

The team plans to further evaluate the safety of AT-121 before moving to human clinical trials. —J.B.

Julie Borg

Julie is a clinical psychologist and writer who lives in Dayton, Ohio. She reports on science and intelligent design for WORLD Magazine and WORLD Digital.

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  • David Troup's picture
    David Troup
    Posted: Fri, 09/07/2018 09:09 am

    "The fossil evidence does not point to an evolution of one human species into another human species, but instead a variety of characteristics among various human populations."

    I don't hear anymore of the evolutionistic hoaxes: NEBRASKA MAN (was reconstructed from a single tooth...a pig's tooth!)
    JAVA MAN: Before his death DuBois admitted that Java Man was probably a giant gibbon.
    PILTDOWN MAN: 1912 Charles Dawson reconstructed Piltdown Man out of a jaw, 2 molar teeth, and a piece of skull. In. The jawbone turned out to be that of a modern orangutan. The teeth had been filed down and the bones artificially colored to deceive the public
    NEANDERTHAL MAN: Reconstructed in 1915. Marcellin Boule wrongly arranged the foot bones, knee joint, and the head.

  • RS
    Posted: Fri, 09/07/2018 06:43 pm

    Let me state that there are dramatic differences between Neanderthals and modern humans. In fact evolutionists were very disappointed to discover that Neanderthals were not able to be linked with Homo sapiens sapiens. They had to admit that Neanderthal was a side branch on the so-called human tree of Common Descent. 

    In chapter 12 of Dr. Fazale Rana's book Who Was Adam? [ https://shop.reasons.org/product/281/who-was-adam ]is evidence for the differences between Neanderthals and Adam and Eve once again showing God's special creation of humanity. 

    I think it might be helpful to take a look at the distinctive differences between Neanderthal man and modern humans.  Each one of these characteristics would require dramatic mirco-evolutionary changes between the two species.

     

    Physical Differences Between Neanderthals and Humans

    Poorly developed chin

    Elongated foramen magnum

    Medial pterygoid tubercle

    Large browridge

    Large eye sockets

    Brain shape

    Large nose

    Large sinuses

    Large front teeth

    Flatter skull base

    Higher larynx – precludes sophisticated language

    Thicker bones

    Barrel chests

    Shorter limbs

    Neanderthal Development

    Craniodental development of Neanderthals and humans differs from before birth.

    Differences occur from the time Neanderthals first appear.

    Tooth anatomy

    –Neanderthals matured more rapidly than modern humans (much like chimpanzees and other lower mammals)

     

    Neanderthal MtDNA

    Neanderthals have no genetic (nor evolutionary) connection to humans – this is admitted by secular evolutionary paleoanthropologist community in peer reviewed journals.

    Neanderthals displayed limited genetic diversity

     

    Neanderthal Behavior

    Though they buried their dead these were shallow unprotected graves with no ritual artifacts connected to them as are noted with funeral ;practices of modern humans

    They did have crude tools, but only crude tools

    There is no musical expression as originally thought

    There is no evidence of spiritual activity in spite of the “Bear Cult” claims

    No sophisticated language – not anatomically possible

     

    Neanderthal’s brain structure is:

    • Qualitatively distinct from modern humans

    Modern humans have a larger parietal lobe: where religious experience:  sense of self/identity, language, and math reside.  These characteristics were all lacking in Neanderthal.

    Finally, here is a helpful short video by Dr. Rana: http://www.reasons.org/explore/multimedia/rtb-videos/read/rtb-videos/201...

    RDS

  • Gloria Davis
    Posted: Fri, 09/07/2018 07:48 pm

    http://www.reasons.org/explore/blogs/todays-new-reason-to-believe/read/tnrtb/2003/03/31/neanderthal-to-human-link-severed

    As you can see, we Old Earth Creationists believe differently on this issue than what what quoted in the article.  There are other schools of thought.

  • Allen Johnson
    Posted: Mon, 09/10/2018 11:55 am

    Gloria, As World studiously omits mentioning from the article, is the substance of the following quote:
    "...direct radiocarbon dating showed it to be more than 50,000 years old."

  • OldMike
    Posted: Sat, 09/08/2018 05:16 pm

    Does this mean, when I’m in a “discussion” with a liberal, and that person calls me a Neanderthal, I can no longer consider that a compliment?

  • CC
    Posted: Mon, 09/10/2018 04:39 am

    How could the neanderthals be post flood ice age creatures. Scientists believe that the last ice age occured 1.8 million years ago. The flood happened around 2304 B.C. or 4,222 years ago. What evidence do we have of an actual ice age?

  • RS
    Posted: Mon, 09/10/2018 02:01 pm

    Chris, here is a recent article entitled The End of Civilization Part 1 http://www.reasons.org/explore/blogs/todays-new-reason-to-believe/read/t... and it does a good job of addressing several aspects of various Ice Ages. This topic is thoroughly addressed in the book, Improbable Planet https://shop.reasons.org/product/537/improbable-planet by Dr. Hugh Ross. 

  •  Xion's picture
    Xion
    Posted: Wed, 09/12/2018 03:02 am

    "modern humans"?

    What does that term even mean?  If Adam was a modern human, then what other kind is there?

    "the analysis came as no surprise to creationists "

    The creationists face nothing but ridicule, yet tediously their crazy ideas keep turning up correct.  Weird!

  • Laura W
    Posted: Wed, 09/12/2018 06:18 am

    That would be huge if the new pain medication pans out. I hope it works.

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