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A desperate move?

The Boy Scouts mortgage their ‘crown jewel’

A desperate move?

(Billy Hathorn)

The Boy Scouts of America has mortgaged Philmont Scout Ranch, one of the BSA’s largest and most valuable properties, according to documents obtained by 

The Boy Scouts filed the mortgage in Colfax County, N.M., where Philmont is located, on March 21, 2019. The filing was recorded on April 3, 2019. The document places a mortgage on the entire Philmont property—which covers more than 140,000 acres, or about 220 square miles—in northeastern New Mexico. The mortgage also includes “all improvements” to the land.

Some have called Philmont the “crown jewel” of Scouting. More than 1 million Scouts and their leaders have attended Philmont since its founding. A typical year has about 22,000 campers and about 5,000 adults and their families attending the training center. Philmont is also home of the National Scouting Museum, visited by thousands of tourists each year.  

JP Morgan Chase Bank holds the mortgage. The terms of the deal are complex and depend on a number of factors, but the filing states that “the lien secured by this Mortgage shall not at any one time exceed $450,000,000.”

The Boy Scouts have been beset by financial and legal problems for the past few years. A 2013 decision to allow homosexual boys to participate in the program contributed to a drop in membership that had already been underway. That drop continued when the Scouts took the next step and began allowing gay adult leaders, in 2015. (The BSA began accepting transgender youth in 2017.)

A MinistryWatch review of the BSA’s annual reports from 2012 to 2017 (the last year available) reveals that membership has fallen 16 percent in that time. In October, the Scouts announced an 80 percent increase in membership fees, from $33 to $60. The Scouts said the cost of insurance was a key reason. Liability insurance for the BSA has increased dramatically in recent years in part because of sexual abuse cases.

In August, a group called Abused in Scouting filed a lawsuit in Philadelphia on behalf of a former Scout who claims he was abused by a Scout leader. The BSA has long kept a list of “ineligible volunteer files” which could include as many as 7,800 names. Various lawsuits have pressured the Scouts to release the list, but the BSA has resisted, saying that to release a list of suspected abusers would violate their civil liberties and their rights to due process. But victims’ advocates say the BSA is reluctant for the public to know the extent of abuse within the organization. The Philadelphia lawsuit says, “It is apparent that the Boy Scouts defendants continue to hide the true nature of their cover-up and the extent of the pedophilia epidemic within their organization.”

Even before the Philadelphia lawsuit was filed, the BSA said it was considering bankruptcy protection. The loss in membership, combined with the potential liability created by the Philadelphia lawsuit, plus lawsuits filed in at least six other states, has placed enormous strains on the finances of the century-old BSA. Another drain on the organization has been the cost of developing a massive property in West Virginia, called Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve. Cost overruns have plagued the project.

Many in the Scouting movement will likely see mortgaging Philmont as a desperate and unwelcome development. Philmont has a rich history in Scouting, a history that goes back nearly to the organization’s founding. Oil and real estate magnate Waite Phillips carved out 35,857 acres from his massive New Mexico ranch for the then young Boy Scouts of America in 1938. When he saw how the Scouts used the property, he gave more land—91,538 more acres—to the BSA in 1942. Other property was added later, bringing the total to about 140,000 acres. The mortgage specifically identifies both the 1938 and 1942 gifts by Phillips to the Boy Scouts as being covered by the lien.

MinistryWatch repeatedly reached out to the Boy Scouts for comment on this story. Late Friday a spokesperson for the BSA sent the following statement: “Earlier this year, the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) renewed and revised certain credit facilities through a process approved by our National Executive Board.” The spokesperson also said, “We will not be providing additional commentary.”

Warren Cole Smith

Warren Cole Smith

Warren is the host of WORLD Radio’s Listening In. He previously served as WORLD's vice president and associate publisher. He currently serves as president of MinistryWatch and has written or co-written several books, including Restoring All Things: God's Audacious Plan to Change the World Through Everyday People. Warren resides in Charlotte, N.C. Follow him on Twitter @WarrenColeSmith.


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  • SN
    Posted: Mon, 11/18/2019 01:18 pm

    I don't know if Baden-Powell was a Christian.  But his requirements of Scouts assumed that they would at least display common decency.  As a Scout back in the 60s, I took an oath, that among among other qualities, I would keep myself 'physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight'.  Among the 12 laws required of the Scout was that I would be 'clean, and reverent'.   Morally straight. Clean.  Reverent.  Have these qualities changed in their meaning in the last 50 years?  How can these requirements permit aberrant sexuality either in Scouts or in their Masters?  It is hard for me to say this; but I believe that it would be better for Scouting to die than for it to degrade into a perverted organization Baden-Powell never would have invisioned or approved.  Better yet, a new organization founded upon biblical moral principles with a gospel focus should be organized to take its place.

  • OldMike
    Posted: Mon, 11/18/2019 02:03 pm

    I’m another who grew up participating in Scouting, in the late 50’s-early 60’s.  In that time most Americans had a pretty good idea of what a man should be, and the Boy Scouts was one of many organizations that taught those ideals. In the small Midwestern farm towns where I grew up, the Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, and 4-H were all active and well-led with many of my peers benefiting: learning honesty, industry, both teamwork and self-reliance, and other values that were then considered important. 

    Sadly, America and Americans have changed. We could blame it on Communism, Hollywood, the “rich,” or numerous other boogeymen, but the real answer is the ancient spiritual enemy of all that is good in mankind:  Satan.   

    But is all lost?  Are we hopeless?    Of course not!!!   Greater is He who is in us, than he who is in the world!  

    The Boy Scouts may change and decline but the Lord does not!

  • Hawkdriver
    Posted: Mon, 11/18/2019 02:54 pm

    Well said.

  • pastorrdh
    Posted: Mon, 11/18/2019 10:50 pm

    I am an Eagle Scout and my father was a Silver Beaver. I am deeply disappointed in the organization for their compromise. Baden Powell was not a Christian but there were principles that made boys into men. I have withdrawn all support from the Scouts and have put all my support behind Trail Life USA. I urge everyone to research these two organizations and hope you will do the same!



  • RC
    Posted: Tue, 11/19/2019 01:20 pm

    A desperate move.  You bet!  I am sorry the leadership of the BSA are struggling to keep the BSA alive but they are failing the Judaea-Christian motivations found in the oaths and laws of the organization. God is not mocked and embracing some of the practices of our sin-soaked-culture will only quicken their demise.

  • Renrag
    Posted: Tue, 11/19/2019 05:35 pm

    Though it has been nearly 35 years since my involvement with them as a boy, Christian Service Brigade was the alternative (and may still be) to BSA.  I realize they still exist, but have not seen their recent materials to be able to endorse their doctrine in this day and age.  For boys growing into young men, this was a more appealing alternative to AWANA as it wasn’t unisex in nature.  This would be the first organization I would look into, and I would certainly compare Trail Life USA as well, as I have no first hand experience with them.  Alternatives to BSA exist.

  • TWH
    Posted: Thu, 11/21/2019 09:00 pm

    And for the girls, American Heritage Girls. My three granddaughters are prospering in this well-organized and well-led program. 

  • TWH
    Posted: Thu, 11/21/2019 09:23 pm

    Frankly I'm startled that the drop has only been 16% during 2012 to 2017. Even makes one wonder if the books are somehow being cooked.