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Misreading the author

Nicholas Hoult as J.R.R. Tolkien (David Appleby/Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation)


Misreading the author

Tolkien biopic fails to capture the true spirit of the beloved British writer 

If you aren’t passionate about J.R.R. Tolkien and the world he created in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, you might find Tolkien (rated PG-13 for language and war violence) a perfectly pleasant movie.

Set mostly in Edwardian England with brief forays to World War I–era France, the biopic is heavy on pleasingly musty academic atmospheres and lovely pastoral scenes. Picture the misty, cobbled lanes of Oxford leading alternately to overstuffed armchairs in cozy tea rooms and to glades of flowering cow parsley beneath deep forest canopies. 

Nicholas Hoult and Lily Collins are equally eye-pleasing as Tolkien and his wife-to-be, Edith. From his tweeds to her soft Gibson Girl chignons, they present a sort of platonic ideal of scholarly romance. Their performances, as well as those of Tolkien’s school chums who form the Tea Club and Barrovian Society (TCBS), a fellowship the boys form to pursue greatness in art and literature, are engaging enough. 

But for Tolkien fans, it’s all likely to feel disappointingly generic. We see none of the fire and even less of the humor of the man who wrote Gandalf’s rebuke of Saruman or Bilbo’s jokes at his relatives’ expense.

The film’s failure to delve into Tolkien’s Christianity and the role it played in his imagination, especially in setting up the moral stakes of Middle Earth, is part and parcel of this lack of specificity. A life as singular as John Ronald Reuel Tolkien’s shouldn’t feel as if it’s been crafted from outtakes of Dead Poets Society.

Worse is when the film rewrites history to accommodate our modern obsession with representation. In 2012 Christopher Tolkien complained that his father’s legacy was being “absorbed by the absurdity of our time.” Perhaps nothing better illustrates this than the filmmakers’ decision to subtly suggest that Tolkien’s close friend, poet Geoffrey Bache Smith, was in love with him.

Anthony Boyle, the actor who plays Smith, defended this unfounded interpretation in a recent interview, saying, “There’s no direct proof that he was in love with him, but if we don’t follow our nose when these clues are given to us then we’re writing these people out of history.” Those “clues” were apparently unearthed by co-screenwriter Stephen Beresford (best known for winning a “Queer Palm” at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival) from Smith’s battlefield letters to Tolkien. Here’s a representative passage:

My chief consolation is that if I am scuppered tonight there will still be left a member of the TCBS to voice what I dreamed and what we all agreed upon. … May God bless you my dear John Ronald and may you say things I have tried to say long after I am not there to say them if such be my lot.

What a sad, emotionally impoverished culture we live in to read in a youthful friendship of shared literary ambition only something sexual. Not surprisingly, given the film’s arrogant bending of Tolkien’s life to check identity boxes that no historical evidence supports, the Tolkien family put out a statement saying it “did not approve of, authorise or participate in the making of this film,” and “do not endorse it or its content in any way.”

At the same time, some relatable facts seem to be too complex for this bland hagiography. Like certain hobbits, the prospect of war at first left Tolkien quaking, and he hesitated before volunteering. Writing to his son Michael, he said, “In those days chaps joined up, or were scorned publicly. It was a nasty cleft to be in for a young man with too much imagination and little physical courage.”

As a writer, of course, he understood the value of showing weakness or fear in even the most likable characters. It also allowed him to highlight the valor of those lower down the social ladder. As he later wrote, “My Sam Gamgee is indeed a reflection of the English soldier, of the privates and batmen I knew in the 1914 war, and recognised as so far superior to myself.” Unfortunately, Tolkien’s filmmakers don’t appear to have absorbed these lessons: Their protagonist is never shown to be less than valorous.

Thankfully, at least two more Tolkien biopics are reportedly in the works, one of which focuses on his friendship with C.S. Lewis. The most influential fantasy author of the 20th and 21st centuries may yet see his story told right.

—This is an expanded version of the review that appears in the May 25 print issue.


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  • Midwest preacher
    Posted: Fri, 05/10/2019 06:43 am

    So sad to live in a day where we allow the all sexual in a relationship but completely gut it of the emotional.  We support the emotional in religion but take away it's deeply spiritual and life changing aspects.  We look for "clues" which will point us only in the direction we wish to go.  We rewrite history do say what it would have said if everyone were as wonderfully "enlightened" as we are.  We try to govern our lives with our most base appetites and inclinations. Glad God is in control.  

  • WORLD User 253263
    Posted: Fri, 05/10/2019 03:45 pm

    It's a terrible shame when "current culture" rewrites the lives of godly people, leaving out the core values and beliefs that shaped those people and their contributions to our world and its actual (as opposed to re-invented and re-interpreted) history. J.R.R. Tolkien was a devout Catholic with a personal relationship with the Lord who was instrumental in leading C.S. Lewis, one of the 20th Century's leading Christian apologists, to the Lord. Both of these men's works reflect their Christian values and beliefs. Shame on the script writers of "Tolkien: the Movie" for re-inventing Tolkien and his relationships with others in their own image!

  • Laura W
    Posted: Mon, 05/13/2019 11:07 am

    I feel like our culture is getting very close to completely losing the concept of ordinary platonic friendship. A lot of people don't know how to have a friendship with someone of the opposite sex without things getting sexual, and now even friendships with someone of the same sex are suspect. Oh, and if incest is ever normalized, then it won't matter if they're family either.

  • Ed8r
    Posted: Fri, 05/24/2019 12:47 pm

    Megan, I cannot find a link to your email address (as shown in the print publication) so I'll point out here that the title to the book The Lord of the Rings should have been styled in italics in your review.

  • JL
    Posted: Tue, 06/04/2019 09:13 pm

    I watched this movie, and I would not have noticed the homosexual hints without reading this article first. While I completely agree that Hollywood’s perversion of history and morality is tragic, it would be even more tragic if this one, barely noticeable aspect of the movie kept Christians from viewing and supporting it. The main messages are ones Christians should rejoice to see being celebrated: the importance of fellowship, the beauty of pure love, and the power of art and language. Furthermore, the movie is not supposed to be a comprehensive biography or depiction of all of Tolkien’s influences, such as his faith. It has a narrow focus on the power of words and friendship, and in that it succeeds beautifully. I would love to see a movie explore his faith in more depth, but I also enjoyed learning about other facets of Tolkien that are less well known.