A dangerous demand

Race Issues | Students at Clemson University seek to criminalize free...
by Anthony Bradley
Posted on Friday, April 29, 2016, at 4:19 pm

Although the South has made significant progress since the end of Jim Crow, and it is certainly light-years more advanced than it was during the time of slavery, it is still a mess when it comes to racial issues, with tensions between whites and blacks situated on a major fault line.

Major earthquake tremors are regularly felt at large state schools in the region. The latest was a lengthy sit-in last week at Clemson University in South Carolina, as students protested a series of racial incidents at the college. (Full disclosure: I’m a Clemson grad.)

And like Oklahoma and Louisiana Tech, these incidents were associated with campus Greek life, including a racially themed party held by the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, with students hanging bananas from an African-American history banner, among other things.

I get it because I experienced it. During my four years at Clemson, I often was called the “n-word.” I was told by many of my white friends, especially those in fraternities, that I was “a good nigger,” unlike those “bad niggers” who were lazy, violent, and sexually promiscuous. These guys were good, church-raised Southerners. I spent four years walking past the Kappa Alpha house and its Confederate flags in nearly every window, proudly displayed in support of Southern heritage and states’ rights—namely the right for states like Alabama to keep my family enslaved on the Bradley plantation in Escambia Country.

The protesters at Clemson expressed lament over the university’s handling of racial issues on campus, including the lack of a gathering space for minority students, the homogeneity of student government, the lack of financial support for the student organizations of underrepresented minority groups, the low number of minority faculty members, the need to re-name buildings on the campus that honor known racists and defenders of slavery, and the lack of diversity awareness across the campus. Clemson president Jim Clements responded, promising specific plans to address many of these areas of concern.

Among the list of student demands—and the one that should trouble us the most—is a request to criminalize free speech. The students want the university “to prosecute criminally predatory behaviors and defamatory speech committed by members of the Clemson University community.” First, there are already local, state, and federal laws that govern predatory behavior and speech, but defamatory speech should never be criminalized unless it leads to direct harm. What makes this demand so dangerous is that it puts the power of defining “defamatory” in the hands of a few bureaucrats. This is standard policy in North Korea and Cuba.

While I repeatedly heard the “n-word” while I was a student, I never believed such speech, even if used in a defamatory way, should be against the law. While it may be ignorant, racist, and immoral, uttering such words are not criminal. Some believe the Christian gospel, pro-life terms, or the language of black nationalism to be defamatory. Do we really want the preaching of the gospel to be declared against the law and subject to prosecution?

On balance, I would rather have a society where people are free to be ignorant and defamatory and rely on moral formation to appeal to a change in the conscience than to have a society where government bureaucrats decide to criminalize speech according to their personal preferences, because yesterday’s celebrated speech is often today’s defamatory speech.

Anthony Bradley

Anthony is associate professor of religious studies at The King's College in New York and a research fellow at the Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty.

Read more from this writer


You must be a WORLD Member and logged in to the website to comment.
  • Janet S
    Posted: Tue, 05/10/2016 02:56 pm

    I actually live in Clemson and prayer walked at Clemson U while this was happening.  I am white, grew up in Indiana and was taught by my Christian parents that the color of your skin did not matter, we were all made in God's image. I don't know what it is like to be discriminated against because of your race, but I do know what it is like to be discriminated against because of where you grew up (not the South) and who your family is.  And it is not a good feeling, but it is one that comes from not thinking of others more highly than yourself.  No Christian should ever discriminate against anyone, but the lessons learned from family and culture are not easily overcome.  Trying to force people to change does not work.  We only change when we are willing to change or actually see the need to change.  Some of those protesting were Christians exercising their freedom of speech while trying to stop someone else's freedom of speech.  I have watched as our nation as trampled our freedoms for the sake of a few.  We really do need to think through the consequences of our demands.  Thank you for this article.  

  • Karen for Life
    Posted: Tue, 05/10/2016 02:56 pm

    I am so sorry for your experiences of racism, and so encouraged by your final paragraph! I applaud you, Mr. Bradley!

  • Cyborg3's picture
    Posted: Tue, 05/10/2016 02:56 pm

    I grew up to respect all races because that was my Christian roots. In the Army in the early 80's, I would pray with Jackson, a black private like me, though I was white. At one time, I said, "We have the same blood. Yours is red like mine." But is racism the big threat today? Is it not the rampant "multiculturalism" that teaches children and college students to admire all the minority groups and have disdain for western civilization and our Christian heritage - a heritage that identified black slavery as evil leading to its demise. Certainly, I recognize there are pockets of racism around, which we should stand up to, but is not the great evil today the "multiculturalism" that teaches students to hate Christians and the Christian faith?