Teen marijuana use linked to mental health disorders

Health
by Naomi Inman
Posted 2/17/16, 05:00 pm

Would you trade your brain for a teenage toke? 

A growing body of studies reveals marijuana use by teenagers during critical years of brain development is associated with an increased risk of serious and lifelong mental health disorders such as psychosis, schizophrenia, major depression, and anxiety disorders. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, these disorders may surface early in a user’s experience or even years later after quitting.

John R. Knight is director of the Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research (CeASAR) at Boston Children’s Hospital and teaches at Harvard Medical School. His career changed direction in 1998 when a close friend lost his son to an accident caused by substance abuse. He now studies adolescent substance abuse and and helped create www.Teen-Safe.org to warn and educate teens and parents about the irreversible damage alcohol and marijuana can inflict on the brain.

“The most important thing for teenagers to understand is that neuroscientists have just learned, within the last decade or so, that human brain development continues up until age 25 and during that time THC has widespread effects on the human brain,” Knight said.

He cited several findings showing the risk for major depression increases three to four times; serious anxiety disorder goes up three to four times; and worst of all, psychotic thinking and schizophrenia rises by as much as six times. The risk of developing schizophrenia in the general population is 1 percent, Knight said, “but if you start smoking marijuana when you’re young and continue smoking, the risk is about 6 percent.” At that rate, the cost to individual, family, and society is devastating, Knight said.

But why? This is not your father’s cannabis. It’s not the pot you grew up with either. Jennifer Golick is the clinical director of Muirwood Adolescent and Family Services in Petaluma, Calif., which is quickly becoming the “go to place” for teenage boys suffering from life-altering marijuana addictions.

Golick’s peer-reviewed article in the November, 2015 issue of Journal of Psychoactive Drugs notes THC concentrations in marijuana averaged below 4 percent in 1983. Today’s samples reflect content in the 10- to 20-percent range, with specialty products such as “wax” and “dabs” showing concentrations exceeding 30 percent and as high as 80 percent THC. 

“From a clinical psychiatric perspective, the correlations between adolescent cannabis use and psychiatric illness is an area of great concern and urgent clinical investigation,” Golick wrote.

Naomi Inman

Naomi is a graduate of the World Journalism Institute's mid-career course.

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Comments

  • JerryM
    Posted: Fri, 04/15/2016 12:48 pm

    The question is whether an idealogical bias, similar to what exists in the social sciences (e.g. as many claim and some have found with same-sex parenting), will lead to silencing these opposing results. One would hope the harder sciences would be different.

  • curtisb70's picture
    curtisb70
    Posted: Fri, 04/15/2016 12:48 pm

    Unfortunately, the years where we are the most ignorant and stubborn can be very formative. That makes it so crucial for adults to be involved in educating the youth in their lives.

  • MommynatorRN's picture
    MommynatorRN
    Posted: Fri, 04/15/2016 12:48 pm

    I saw this during my nursing school clinical rotation through Bellevue's (in)famous psychiatric wards. I'd say about 95% of patients institutionalized had their first psychotic break while using marijuana only. It's a high price to pay for never being really right ever again for the rest of your life.

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